Cut grass smell is key to healthier dairy products
Dairy products could contain a higher proportion of healthy omega-3 fats all year round, thanks to a discovery reported in the Society for Applied Microbiology's Journal of Applied Microbiology.
Scientists at the BBSRC strategically-funded Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS) at Aberystwyth University discovered that the molecules that give cut grass its distinctive 'green odour' kill off bacteria that convert healthy omega-3 fats into saturated fats in a cow's gut. IBERS receives strategic funding from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC),
Dr Sharon Huws, Coleg Cymraeg lecturer in Animal Science at IBERS who led the research,said: "We've known for a while that milk contains a greater proportion of the healthy omega-3 fats in the summer than in the winter, and now we know it's probably down to the antimicrobial effects of the green odour products from grass.
"Obviously cows can't be outside all year round but we could, for example, supplement their winter feed with one or more of these products."
Approximately 4% of whole milk is made up of a mixture of different fats.
Too much saturated fat in the human diet can lead to health problems, including cardiovascular disease. But a proportion of the fats in milk are omega-3 fatty acids, which are generally considered good fats and are thought to have a number of health benefits.
The ratio of omega-3 to saturated fats in milk varies across the year and this research potentially answers why in winter, when cows are often housed inside and may not be eating fresh grass or silage, milk is less healthy overall.
Dr Huws added "Of course, it's not just milk that would be healthier with the supplemented feed, it would also be all the various products produced from whole milk - butter, cheese, yoghurts, milkshakes, and more."
This is good news in a world where the population is set to reach 9Bn by 2050 and the need for nutritious, affordable, accessible, and safe food has never been as important.
The research is ongoing with funding from the Welsh Government with links to industrial partners Waitrose, DairyCrest, Wynnstay and Volac.
Notes to editors
The article referred to is: "Fatty acid oxidation products ('green odour') released from perennial ryegrass following biotic and abiotic stress, potentially have antimicrobial properties against the rumen microbiota resulting in decreased biohydrogenation", Sharon Huws, Mark Scott, John Tweed, Michael Lee, DOI: 10.1111/jam.12314
Contact Ben Norman, Life Sciences Publicist, Wiley Blackwell, firstname.lastname@example.org, for the full text.
To arrange an interview with Dr Huws, please contact Nancy Mendoza, Society for Applied Microbiology, on 07920 264596.
About the Society for Applied Microbiology (SfAM)
SfAM is the oldest UK microbiological society and the voice of Applied Microbiology within the UK. SfAM has members across the globe from all sectors of applied microbiology.
SfAM works in partnership with sister organizations and microbiological bodies to ensure that microbiology and microbiologists are able to exert influence on policymakers within the UK, in Europe and worldwide. SfAM publishes five internationally acclaimed journals with Wiley-Blackwell.
Wiley is a global provider of content-enabled solutions that improve outcomes in research, education, and professional practice. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners.
Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa, JWb), has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfil their aspirations. Wiley and its acquired companies have published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Wiley's global headquarters are located in Hoboken, New Jersey, with operations in the U.S., Europe, Asia, Canada, and Australia. The Company's website can be accessed at www.wiley.com.
Tags: Aberystwyth University food human health The Institute of Biological Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS) microbes nutrition press release